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Some scientific terms are popular in the field of HTA

We list here a brief about the most popular agencies.

Here are a few random terms that are widely used in HTA field that we thought might be interesting to read:

  • Budget Impact Analysis (BIA): An evaluation of the financial impact of the introduction of a technology or service on the capital and operating budgets of a government or agency.

  • Clinical guideline: A guideline developed using a systematic method to help practitioners and patients make decisions about appropriate health care.

  • Clinical outcome: An outcome of major importance for the patient, determined on the basis of the health problem being studied (e.g. the frequency of healing of osteoporotic fractures or gastric ulcers, and their relapse rates).

  • Cost per QALY: A measure used in cost-utility analysis to compare programs, interventions or treatments, expressed as a monetary cost per unit of outcome (effectiveness), adjusted on the basis of quality of life.

  • Cost – Consequence Analysis (CCA): An economic evaluation consisting of comparing various options, in which the cost components and the various outcomes of a disease or intervention are calculated and presented separately.

  • Gold standard (aka: reference standard): The benchmark against which the performance of other tests, procedures or investigations are compared.

  • Net benefit: The benefit of an option in monetary units, minus its total cost in monetary units.

  • Surrogate endpoint: An indicator that, while not being of direct interest for the patient, may reflect important outcomes.

Note: For example, blood pressure is not of direct clinical interest to the patient but is often used as an evaluation criterion in clinical trials because it is a risk factor for stroke and heart attacks.

  • Willingness to Pay (WTP): The maximum amount that a person is willing to pay: (a) to achieve a good health state or particular outcome, or to increase its probability of occurrence; or (b) to avoid a bad health state or outcome, or to decrease its probability of occurrence.

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